Here is a famous story in Chinese history.
“That was about 2300 years ago. General Tian Ji was a high official in the country Qi. He likes to play horse racing with the king and others.”
“Both of Tian and the king have three horses in different classes, namely, regular, plus, and super. The rule is to have three rounds in a match; each of the horses must be used in one round. The winner of a single round takes two hundred silver dollars from the loser.”
“Being the most powerful man in the country, the king has so nice horses that in each class his horse is better than Tian’s. As a result, each time the king takes six hundred silver dollars from Tian.”
“Tian Ji was not happy about that, until he met Sun Bin, one of the most famous generals in Chinese history. Using a little trick due to Sun, Tian Ji brought home two hundred silver dollars and such a grace in the next match.”
“It was a rather simple trick. Using his regular class horse race against the super class from the king, they will certainly lose that round. But then his plus beat the king’s regular, and his super beat the king’s plus. What a simple trick. And how do you think of Tian Ji, the high ranked official in China?”
Were Tian Ji lives in nowadays, he will certainly laugh at himself. Even more, were he sitting in the ACM contest right now, he may discover that the horse racing problem can be simply viewed as finding the maximum matching in a bipartite graph. Draw Tian’s horses on one side, and the king’s horses on the other. Whenever one of Tian’s horses can beat one from the king, we draw an edge between them, meaning we wish to establish this pair. Then, the problem of winning as many rounds as possible is just to find the maximum matching in this graph. If there are ties, the problem becomes more complicated, he needs to assign weights 0, 1, or -1 to all the possible edges, and find a maximum weighted perfect matching…
However, the horse racing problem is a very special case of bipartite matching. The graph is decided by the speed of the horses — a vertex of higher speed always beat a vertex of lower speed. In this case, the weighted bipartite matching algorithm is a too advanced tool to deal with the problem.
In this problem, you are asked to write a program to solve this special case of matching problem.
1.首先判断田忌的慢马是否比国王的慢马快是的就直接比较。 2.如果田忌的慢马比国王的慢马慢，就让他的慢马和国王的快马比为自己的快马争取机会。 3.如果相等，那先不要考虑打平，可以先让这匹马和国王的快马打 然后赢回来，一样的，可能还会多赢一场，但有个前提是比国王的快马慢，不然哪匹可以打平的马没必要牺牲。 例如：2 4 6 和 2 5 7 如果2打平就没有胜场 但2和7换掉就可以赢一场